EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 448, Number 1, March II 2006
Page(s) 189 - 202
Section Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20054102

A&A 448, 189-202 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20054102

Exploring the lower mass function in the young open cluster IC 4665

W. J. de Wit1, J. Bouvier1, F. Palla2, J.-C. Cuillandre3, D. J. James4, T. R. Kendall5, N. Lodieu6, 7, M. J. McCaughrean8, 7, E. Moraux9, S. Randich2 and L. Testi2

1  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble, Cedex 9, France
    e-mail: dewit@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
2  INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy
3  Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corp., Kamuela, HI 96743, USA
4  Physics and Astronomy Department, Vanderbilt University, 1807 Station B, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
5  Centre for Astrophysics Research, Science & Technology Research Institute, Department of Physics, Astronomy & Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
6  University of Leicester, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
7  Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 1448 Potsdam, Germany
8  University of Exeter, School of Physics, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK
9  Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, UK

(Received 25 August 2005 / Accepted 28 October 2005 )

We present a study of the young (30-100 Myr) open cluster IC 4665 with the aim to determine the shape of the mass function well into the brown dwarf regime. We photometrically select 691 low-mass stellar and 94 brown dwarf candidate members over an area of 3.82 square degrees centred on the cluster. K-band follow-up photometry and Two-Micron All-Sky Survey data allow a first filtering of contaminant objects from our catalogues. A second filtering is performed for the brightest stars using proper motion data provided by the Tycho-2 and UCAC2 public catalogues. Contamination by the field population for the lowest mass objects is estimated using same latitude control fields. We fit observed surface densities of various cluster populations with King profiles and find a consistent tidal radius of  $1.0^{\circ}$. The presence of possible mass segregation is discussed. In most respects investigated, IC 4665 is similar to other young open clusters at this age: (1) a power law fit to the mass function between 1 and  $0.04\,M_{\odot}$ results in best fit for a slope of -0.6; (2) a cusp in the mass function is noticed at about the substellar boundary with respect to the power law description, the interpretation of which is discussed; (3) a fraction between 10-19% for BDs with $M \ga 0.03\,M_{\odot}$ to total members; (4) a best-fit lognormal function to the full mass distribution shows an average member mass of  $0.32\,M_{\odot}$, if IC 4665 has an age of 50 Myr.

Key words: Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: IC 4665 -- stars: low mass, brown dwarfs -- stars: luminosity function, mass function -- techniques: photometric

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