A&A 437, 611-626 (2005)
A multiplicity survey of the Ophiuchi molecular cloudsT. Ratzka1, R. Köhler1, 2 and Ch. Leinert1
1 Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
2 Sterrewacht Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
(Received 1 October 2004 / Accepted 22 March 2005)
We present a volume-limited multiplicity survey with magnitude cutoff ( ) of 158 young stellar objects located within or in the vicinity of the Ophiuchi Dark Cloud. With exception of eleven already well observed objects, all sources have been observed by us in the K-band with 3.5 m telescopes by using speckle techniques. The separation range covered by our survey is , where the lower limit is given by the diffraction limit of the telescopes and the upper limit by confusion with background stars. The multiplicity survey is complete for flux ratios 0.1 ( ) at the diffraction limit. After taking the background density into account the degree of multiplicity is and thus only marginally higher than the value derived for the given separation range for the main-sequence solar-like stars in the solar neighbourhood (Duquennoy & Mayor 1991). We discuss the implications of these findings.
Key words: stars: pre-main-sequence -- binaries: visual -- infrared: stars -- surveys -- techniques: interferometric
© ESO 2005