EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 433, Number 2, April II 2005
Page(s) 431 - 445
Section Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041915

A&A 433, 431-445 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041915

RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster survey

III. Scaling relations of galaxy clusters
P. Popesso1, A. Biviano2, H. Böhringer1, M. Romaniello3 and W. Voges1

1  Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, 85748 Garching, Germany
    e-mail: popesso@mpe.mpg.de
2  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
3  European Southern Observatory, Karl Scharzschildstr. 2, Garching b. München, Germany

(Received 27 August 2004 / Accepted 16 November 2004)

We use the RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster sample to compare the quality of optical and X-ray luminosities as predictors of other cluster properties such as their masses, temperatures, and velocity dispersions. We use the SDSS spectroscopic data to estimate the velocity dispersions and the virial masses of a subsample of 69 clusters within r500 and r200. The ASCA temperature of the intra-cluster medium, $T_{\rm X}$, is retrieved from the literature for a subsample of 49 clusters. For this subsample we estimate the cluster masses also by using the mass-temperature relation. We show that the optical luminosity, ${L_{\rm op}}$, correlates with the cluster mass much better than the X-ray luminosity, $L_{\rm X}$. ${L_{\rm op}}$ can be used to estimate the cluster mass with an accuracy of 40% while $L_{\rm X}$ can predict the mass only with a 55% accuracy. We show that correcting $L_{\rm X}$ for the effect of a cool core at the center of a cluster lowers the scatter of the $L_{\rm X}-M$ relation only by 3%. We find that the scatter observed in the $L_{\rm op}-L_{\rm X}$ relation is determined by the scatter of the $L_{\rm X}-M$ relation. The mass-to-light ratio in the SDSS i band clearly increases with the cluster mass with a slope $0.2\pm0.08$. The optical and X-ray luminosities correlate in an excellent way with both $T_{\rm X}$ and $\sigma_V$ with an orthogonal scatter of 20% in both relations. Moreover, ${L_{\rm op}}$ and $L_{\rm X}$ can predict variables with the same accuracy both. We conclude that the cluster optical luminosity is a key cluster parameter since it can give important information about fundamental cluster properties such as the mass, the velocity dispersion, and the temperature of the intra-cluster medium.

Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters -- surveys

© ESO 2005