EDP Sciences
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Volume 384, Number 2, March III 2002
Page(s) 460 - 472
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20020039

A&A 384, 460-472 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020039

The photometric behaviour of SU Dra , 1955-2000

S. Barcza

Konkoly Observatory, PO Box 67, 1525 Budapest, XII, Hungary

(Received 17 September 2001 / Accepted 07 January 2002 )

A multicolour photometric data basis is compiled for SU Dra from 356 Johnson UBV and 228  $UBV(RI)_{\rm C}$ observations reported in this paper, in addition to 483 BV, 289 UBV, and 85 UBVRI observations found in the literature. Mean period, period change $(4.40\pm.14)\times 10^{-10}$ day/day, and phase noise are derived from the V light curves by a variational procedure minimizing the length of the folded light curve (string length minimization, SLM). From variation of string length in the neighbourhood of minimum, observational error of photometry, observed amplitude, number of observations formulae are derived for the error of period and phase noise by statistical and analytical considerations. Secondary periodic variations are excluded to a few mmag level, indication of amplitude variation (Blazhko-effect) has not been found, however, systematic segregation of light curve segments is reported from different epochs in the descending branch before the brightness rise. Mean light and colour curves are derived from photometry and they are compared with those from integration of spectrophotometric observations. The period change is interpreted in terms of mixing events in the stellar interior.

Key words: stars: individual: SU Dra -- stars: variables: RR Lyr -- stars: fundamental parameters -- stars: atmospheres

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© ESO 2002