The identification of 93 day periodic photometric variability for YSO YLW 16A
Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of
M/C 100-22, 770 S Wilson Avenue,
2 Trinity College, Cambridge, CB2 1TQ, UK
3 Georgia State University, 33 Gilmer St., Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Received: 16 November 2012
Accepted: 4 April 2013
Aims. Periodic variability in young stellar objects (YSOs) offers indirect evidence for an active dynamical mechanism. Starspots, accretion, stellar companions, and disk veiling can contribute to the photometric variability of YSOs.
Methods. As part of an ongoing study of the ρ Oph star forming region, we report the discovery of 92.6 day periodic variations for the Class I YSO YLW 16A, observed over a period of three years. A SED model was fit to available photometric data for the object.
Results. We propose a triple-system with an inner binary with a period of 93 days eclipsed by a warped circum-binary disk. The nature of the secondary is unconstrained and could be stellar or sub-stellar. We confirm the discovery of a tertiary companion at a projected separation of ~40 AU that could account for the circum-binary disk warp. This light curve and model is similar to the model we proposed for WL 4 in previous work. Understanding these systems may lead to insights about the nature of stellar evolution and planetary formation, and provide valuable benchmarks for future theoretical modeling and near- and mid-infrared synoptic surveys of YSOs.
Key words: circumstellar matter / stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
© ESO, 2013