EDP Sciences
Issue A&A
Volume 506, Number 1, October IV 2009
The CoRoT space mission: early results
Page(s) 471 - 489
Section Catalogs and data
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200911884
Published online 09 July 2009

A&A 506, 471-489 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200911884

CoRoT's view of newly discovered B-star pulsators: results for 358 candidate B pulsators from the initial run's exoplanet field data

P. Degroote1, C. Aerts1, 2, M. Ollivier3, A. Miglio4, J. Debosscher1, J. Cuypers5, M. Briquet1, J. Montalbán4, A. Thoul4, A. Noels4, P. De Cat5, L. Balaguer-Núñez6, C. Maceroni7, I. Ribas8, M. Auvergne9, A. Baglin9, M. Deleuil10, W. W. Weiss11, L. Jorda10, F. Baudin3, and R. Samadi9

1  Institute of Astronomy – K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    e-mail: pieter.degroote@ster.kuleuven.be
2  Department of Astrophysics, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3  Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), Bâtiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
4  Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium
5  Koninklijke Sterrenwacht van België, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
6  Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
7  INAF - Osservatorio di Roma, via Frascati-33, Monteporzio Catone (RM), Italy
8  Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5 parell, 2a pl, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
9  LESIA, UMR8109, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
10  LAM, UMR 6110, CNRS/Univ. de Provence, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille, France
11  Department of Astronomy, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Wien, Austria

Received 19 February 2009 / Accepted 26 May 2009

Abstract
Context. We search for new variable B-type pulsators in the CoRoT data assembled primarily for planet detection, as part of CoRoT's additional programme.
Aims. We aim to explore the properties of newly discovered B-type pulsators from the uninterrupted CoRoT space-based photometry and to compare them with known members of the $\beta\,$Cep and slowly pulsating B star (SPB) classes.
Methods. We developed automated data analysis tools that include algorithms for jump correction, light-curve detrending, frequency detection, frequency combination search, and for frequency and period spacing searches.
Results. Besides numerous new, classical, slowly pulsating B stars, we find evidence for a new class of low-amplitude B-type pulsators between the SPB and $\delta$ Sct instability strips, with a very broad range of frequencies and low amplitudes, as well as several slowly pulsating B stars with residual excess power at frequencies typically a factor three above their expected g-mode frequencies.
Conclusions. The frequency data we obtained for numerous new B-type pulsators represent an appropriate starting point for further theoretical analyses of these stars, once their effective temperature, gravity, rotation velocity, and abundances will be derived spectroscopically in the framework of an ongoing FLAMES survey at the VLT.


Key words: methods: data analysis -- stars: oscillations -- stars: variables: general



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