Photospheric activity and rotation of the planet-hosting star CoRoT-4aA. F. Lanza1, S. Aigrain2, S. Messina1, G. Leto1, I. Pagano1, M. Auvergne3, A. Baglin3, P. Barge4, A. S. Bonomo1, 4, 5, A. Collier Cameron6, G. Cutispoto1, M. Deleuil4, J. R. De Medeiros7, B. Foing8, and C. Moutou4
1 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
2 School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QL, UK
3 LESIA, CNRS UMR 8109, Observatoire de Paris, 5 place J. Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
4 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille (UMR 6110), Technopole de Château-Gombert, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
5 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
6 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS, Scotland
7 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil
8 ESA/ESTEC/SRE-S, Postbus 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Received 9 December 2008 / Accepted 28 January 2009
Aims. The space experiment CoRoT has recently detected a transiting hot Jupiter in orbit around a moderately active F-type main-sequence star (CoRoT-4a). This planetary system is of particular interest because it has an orbital period of 9.202 days, the second longest one among the transiting planets known to date. We study the surface rotation and the activity of the host star during an uninterrupted sequence of optical observations of 58 days.
Methods. Our approach is based on a maximum entropy spot modelling technique extensively tested by modelling the variation in the total solar irradiance. It has been successfully applied to model the light curve of another active star with a transiting planet observed by CoRoT, i.e., CoRoT-2a. It assumes that stellar active regions consist of cool spots and bright faculae, analogous to sunspots and solar photospheric faculae, whose visibility is modulated by stellar rotation.
Results. The modelling of the light curve of CoRoT-4a reveals three main active longitudes with lifetimes between and days that rotate quasi-synchronously with the orbital motion of the planet. The different rotation rates of the active longitudes are interpreted in terms of surface differential rotation, and a lower limit of is derived for its relative amplitude. The enhancement of activity observed close to the subplanetary longitude suggests a magnetic star-planet interaction, although the short duration of the time series prevents us from drawing definite conclusions.
Conclusions. The present work confirms the quasi-synchronicity between stellar rotation and planetary orbital motion in the CoRoT-4 system and provides a lower limit for the surface differential rotation of the star. This information can be important in trying to understand the formation and evolution of this highly interesting planetary system. Moreover, there is an indication of a possible star-planet magnetic interaction that needs to be confirmed by future studies.
Key words: stars: magnetic fields -- stars: late-type -- stars: activity -- stars: rotation -- planetary systems -- stars: individual: CoRoT-4a
© ESO 2009