EDP Sciences
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Volume 489, Number 2, October II 2008
Page(s) 713 - 723
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200810003
Published online 18 August 2008

A&A 489, 713-723 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810003

High-resolution optical spectroscopy of Plaskett's star

N. Linder1, G. Rauw1, F. Martins2, H. Sana3, M. De Becker1, and E. Gosset1

1  Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Bât. B5c, Allée du 6 Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium
    e-mail: linder@astro.ulg.ac.be
2  GRAAL, Université Montpellier II, CNRS, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
3  European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago 19, Chile

Received 18 April 2008 / Accepted 24 July 2008

Context. Plaskett's star ( HD 47 129 ) is a very massive O + O binary that belongs to the Mon OB2 association. Previous work suggests that this system displays the Struve-Sahade effect although the measurements of the secondary radial velocities are very difficult and give controversial results. Both components have powerful stellar winds that collide and produce a strong X-ray emission.
Aims. Our aim is to study the physical parameters of this system in detail and to investigate the relation between its spectral properties and its evolutionary status.
Methods. We present here analysis of an extensive set of high-resolution optical spectra of HD 47 129 . We used a disentangling method to separate the individual spectra of each star. We derived a new orbital solution and discuss the spectral classification of both components. A Doppler tomography technique applied to the emission lines H$\alpha$ and $\ion{He}{ii}$ $\lambda$ 4686 yields a Doppler map that illustrates the wind interactions in the system. Finally, an atmosphere code is used to determine the different chemical abundances of the system components and the wind parameters.
Results. HD 47 129 appears to be an O8 III/I + O7.5 III binary system in a post RLOF evolutionary stage, where matter has been transferred from the primary to the secondary star. The He overabundance of the secondary supports this scenario. In addition, the N overabundance and C underabundance of the primary component confirm previous results based on X-ray spectroscopy and indicate that the primary is an evolved massive star. We also determined a new orbital solution, with $M_{\mathrm{P}}\,\sin^3i = 45.4 \pm 2.4$ $M_{\odot}$ and $M_{\mathrm{S}}\,\sin^3i = 47.3 \pm 0.3$ $M_{\odot}$. Furthermore, the secondary star has a high rotational velocity ( $v\,\sin\,i \sim 300$ km s-1) that deforms its surface, leading to a non-uniform distribution in effective temperature. This could explain the variations in the equivalent widths of the secondary lines with phase. We suggest that the wind of the secondary star is confined near the equatorial plane because of its high rotational velocity, affecting the ram pressure equilibrium in the wind interaction zone.

Key words: stars: individual: HD 47129 -- binaries: spectroscopic -- stars: fundamental parameters

© ESO 2008

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