EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 485, Number 3, July III 2008
Page(s) 931 - 949
Section Catalogs and data
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200809595
Published online 15 May 2008

A&A 485, 931-949 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200809595

Young stars and brown dwarfs surrounding Alnilam ($\epsilon$ Orionis) and Mintaka ($\delta$ Orionis)

J. A. Caballero1, 2 and E. Solano3

1  Dpto. de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de Física, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    e-mail: caballero@astrax.fis.ucm.es
2  Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3  Laboratorio de Astrofísica Espacial y Física Fundamental, INSA, Apdo. 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain

Received 17 February 2008 / Accepted 9 April 2008

Aims. We look for new regions to search for substellar objects.
Methods. Two circular areas, 45 arcmin-radius each, centred on the young massive star systems Alnilam and Mintaka in the Orion Belt, were explored. The regions are very young (less than 10 Ma), have low extinction, and are neighbours to $\sigma$ Orionis (~3 Ma), a young open cluster very rich in brown dwarfs and planetary-mass objects. We used Virtual Observatory tools, the astro-photometric Tycho-2, DENIS and 2MASS catalogues, 10 control fields at similar galactic latitudes, as well as X-ray, mid-infrared, and spectroscopic data from the literature.
Results. We compiled exhaustive lists of known young stars and new candidate members in the Ori OB1b association and of fore- and background sources. A total of 136 stars display features of extreme youth, like early spectral types, lithium in absorption, or mid-infrared flux excess. Other two young brown dwarf and 289 star candidates have been identified from an optical/near-infrared colour-magnitude diagram. We list another 74 known objects that might belong to the association. This catalogue can serve as input for characterising the stellar and high-mass substellar populations in the Orion Belt. Finally, we investigated the surface densities and radial distributions of young objects surrounding Alnilam and Mintaka and compared them with those in the $\sigma$ Orionis cluster. We report on a new open cluster centred on Mintaka.
Conclusions. Both regions can be analogues to the $\sigma$ Orionis cluster, but more massive, more extended, slightly older, and less radially concentrated.

Key words: astronomical data bases: miscellaneous -- Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: Ori OB1b -- Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: Collinder 70 -- stars: low mass, brown dwarfs -- stars: individual: Alnilam -- stars: individual: Mintaka

© ESO 2008