A&A 479, 927-937 (2008)
Groups of galaxies in the SDSS Data Release 5
A group-finder and a catalogueE. Tago1, J. Einasto1, E. Saar1, E. Tempel1, M. Einasto1, J. Vennik1, and V. Müller2
1 Tartu Observatory, 61602 Tõravere, Estonia
2 Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
(Received 8 June 2007 / Accepted 16 November 2007)
Aims. We extract groups of galaxies from the SDSS Data Release 5 to study the supercluster-void network and environmental properties of groups therein. Groups of galaxies as density enhancements can be used to determine the luminosity density field of the supercluster-void network.
Methods. We use a modified friends-of-friends (FoF) method with slightly variable linking lengths in transverse and radial directions to eliminate selection effects and to reliably find as many groups as possible. To determine the scaling of the linking length we calibrated group sizes and mean galaxy number densities within groups by shifting nearby groups to larger distances.
Results. Our final sample contains 17 143 groups in the equatorial, and 33 219 groups in the northern part of the DR5 survey. The group catalogue is available at the CDS.
Conclusions. The mean sizes and velocity dispersions of our groups practically do not change with their distance. This means that the selection effects have been properly taken into account when generating the group catalogue.
Key words: cosmology: observations -- cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe -- galaxies: clusters: general
© ESO 2008