EDP Sciences
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Volume 479, Number 2, February IV 2008
Page(s) 347 - 353
Section Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078898

A&A 479, 347-353 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20078898

Mass limits for heavy neutrinos

E. Elfgren and S. Fredriksson

Department of Physics, Luleå University of Technology, 971 87 Luleå, Sweden
    e-mail: elf@ludd.ltu.se

(Received 22 October 2007 / Accepted 10 December 2007)

Context.Neutrinos heavier than $M_Z/2\sim 45$ GeV are not excluded by particle physics data. Stable neutrinos heavier than this might contribute to the cosmic gamma ray background through annihilation in distant galaxies, as well as to the dark matter content of the universe.
Aims.We calculate the evolution of the heavy neutrino density in the universe as a function of its mass, MN, and then the subsequent gamma ray spectrum from annihilation of distant $N\bar{N}$ (from 0<z<5).
Methods.The evolution of the heavy neutrino density in the universe is calculated numerically. To obtain the enhancement due to structure formation in the universe, we approximate the distribution of N to be proportional to that of dark matter in the GalICS model. The calculated gamma ray spectrum is compared to the measured EGRET data.
Results.A conservative exclusion region for the heavy neutrino mass is 100 to 200 GeV, both from EGRET data and our re-evalutation of the Kamiokande data. The heavy neutrino contribution to dark matter is found to be at most 15%.

Key words: elementary particles -- neutrinos -- cosmology: dark matter -- gamma rays: observations

© ESO 2008