EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 478, Number 3, February II 2008
Page(s) 797 - 807
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078141

A&A 478, 797-807 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20078141

Discovery of a bipolar X-ray jet from the T Tauri star DG Tauri

M. Güdel1, 2, 3, S. L. Skinner4, M. Audard5, 6, K. R. Briggs1, and S. Cabrit7

1  Paul Scherrer Institut, Würenlingen and Villigen, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland
    e-mail: [guedel;briggs]@astro.phys.ethz.ch
2  Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3  Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
4  CASA, 389 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0389, USA
    e-mail: skinners@casa.colorado.edu
5  Integral Science Data Centre, Ch. d'Écogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
    e-mail: marc.audard@obs.unige.ch
6  Observatoire de Genève, University of Geneva, Ch. de Maillettes 51, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
7  LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, UMR 8112 CNRS, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
    e-mail: sylvie.cabrit@obspm.fr

(Received 22 June 2007 / Accepted 6 December 2007)

Aims.We have obtained and analyzed Chandra ACIS-S observations of the strongly accreting classical T Tauri star DG Tau. Our principal goals are to map the immediate environment of the star to characterize possible extended X-rays formed in the jet, and to re-visit the anomalous, doubly absorbed X-ray spectrum of DG Tau itself.
Methods.We combine our new ACIS-S data with a data set obtained previously. The data are superimposed to obtain flux and hardness images. Separate X-ray spectra are extracted for DG Tau and areas outside its point spread function.
Results.We detect a prominent X-ray jet at a position angle of PA $\approx$ 225 deg (tentatively suggested by Güdel et al. 2005, ApJ, 626, L53), coincident with the optical jet axis. We also identify a counter jet at PA = 45 deg. The X-ray jets are detected out to a distance of $\approx$5$\arcsec$ from the star, their sources being extended at the ACIS-S resolution. The jet spectra are soft, with a best-fit electron temperature of 3.4 MK. We find evidence for excess absorption of the counter jet. The spectrum of the DG Tau point source shows two components with largely different temperatures and absorption column densities.
Conclusions.The similar temperatures and small absorbing gas columns of the jet sources and the soft component of the "stellar" source suggest that these sources are related, produced either by shocks or by magnetic heating in the jets. Cooling estimates suggest that the pressure in the hot gas contributes to jet expansion. The hard "stellar" component, on the other hand, is associated with a stellar corona or magnetosphere. The excessive photoelectric absorption of this component suggests the presence of dust-depleted accretion streams above coronal magnetic fields.

Key words: stars: coronae -- stars: formation -- stars: individual: DG Tau -- stars: pre-main sequence -- stars: winds, outflows -- X-rays: stars

© ESO 2008