EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 478, Number 3, February II 2008
Page(s) 815 - 822
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20077886

A&A 478, 815-822 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20077886

Nova V5116 Sagittarii and searching for superhumps in nova remnants

A. Dobrotka1, A. Retter2, and A. Liu3

1  Departement of Physics, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Jána Bottu 25, 91774 Trnava, The Slovak Republic
    e-mail: andrej.dobrotka@stuba.sk
2  Departement of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Penn State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA, 16802-6305, USA
    e-mail: aretter@walla.com
3  Norcape Observatory, PO Box 300, Exmounth, 6707, Australia
    e-mail: asliu@bigpond.net.au

(Received 15 May 2007 / Accepted 29 October 2007)

Aims.We present the period analysis of unfiltered photometric observations of V5116 Sgr (Nova Sgr 2005 #2) and search for superhump candidates in novae remnants.
Methods.The PDM method for period analysis was used. The masses of the novae componets we are estimated from the secondary mass - orbital period and primary mass - decline time relations.
Results.We find that 13 nights of V5116 Sgr observations in the year 2006 are modulated with a period of 0.1238 $\pm$ 0.0001 d (2.9712 $\pm$ 0.0024 h). Following the shape of the phased light curves and no apparent change in the value of the periodicity in different subsamples of the data, we interpreted the period as orbital in nature. The binary system then falls within the period gap of the orbital period distribution of cataclysmic variables. From the maximum magnitude - rate of decline relation, we estimated a maximum absolute visual magnitude of $M_{\rm Vmax}$ = -8.85 $\pm$ 0.04 mag using the measured value of decline t2 = 6.5 $\pm$ 1.0 d. The mass-period relation for cataclysmic variables yields a secondary mass estimate of about 0.26 $\pm$ 0.05  ${M}_{\rm\odot}$. We propose that V5116 Sgr is a high inclination system showing an irradiation effect of the secondary star. No fully developed accretion disc up to the tidal radius with the value lower than 3.5 $\times$ 1010 cm is probable. The mass ratio was estimated in a few novae and the presence or absence of superhumps in these systems was compared with the mass ratio limit for superhumps of about 0.35. We find that, in the majority of novae with expected superhumps, this variability has not been found yet. Therefore, more observations of these systems is encouraged.

Key words: stars: novae, cataclysmic variables -- stars: individual: V5116 Sgr -- accretion, accretion disks

© ESO 2008