EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 468, Number 1, June II 2007
Page(s) 221 - 231
Section Stellar atmospheres
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20066229


A&A 468, 221-231 (2007)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20066229

Simultaneous XMM-Newton and VLT/UVES observations of the flare star CN Leonis

B. Fuhrmeister, C. Liefke, and J. H. M. M. Schmitt

Hamburger Sternwarte, University of Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
    e-mail: bfuhrmeister@hs.uni-hamburg.de

(Received 11 August 2006 / Accepted 23 January 2007)

Abstract
Aims.We present simultaneous observations with VLT/UVES and XMM-Newton of the active M5.5 dwarf CN Leo (Gl 406). The data were gathered during three half nights in May 2004 and December 2005, and they cover quiescent states, as well as flaring activity. Our main aim is to derive coronal properties from X-ray data and to compare these to results from the optical $\ion{Fe}{xiii}$ line.
Methods.We studied simultaneously-measured coronal and chromospheric parameters of CN Leo as determined from the XMM-Newton X-ray data, the forbidden optical coronal $\ion{Fe}{xiii}$ line at 3388 Å, and various optical chromospheric emission lines.
Results.We find that different activity levels of CN Leo can be traced as well in X-rays as with the $\ion{Fe}{xiii}$ line. Moreover, the $\ion{Fe}{xiii}$ line flux is in good agreement with a prediction using the differential emission measure as determined from the X-ray spectrum and Fe atomic data. We also present coronal X-ray properties for the quiescent and flaring states of CN Leo. During a flare two  $\ion{He}{ii}$ transition region lines are also detected in the optical data.


Key words: stars: activity -- stars: late-type -- stars: individual: CN Leo -- stars: coronae -- X-rays: stars



© ESO 2007