EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 458, Number 1, October IV 2006
Page(s) 317 - 325
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20065232

A&A 458, 317-325 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065232

Coronagraphic imaging of three weak-line T Tauri stars: evidence of planetary formation around PDS 70

P. Riaud1, D. Mawet1, O. Absil1, A. Boccaletti2, P. Baudoz2, E. Herwats1, 3 and J. Surdej1

1  IAGL, Université de Liège, 17 Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Sart Tilman, Belgium
    e-mail: riaud@astro.ulg.ac.be
2  LESIA, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 pl. Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
3  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire de Grenoble, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France

(Received 20 March 2006 / Accepted 20 June 2006)

Context.High angular resolution imaging of nearby pre-main sequence stars with ages between 1 and 30 Myr can give valuable information on planet formation mechanisms. This range of ages is thought to correspond to the dissipation of the optically thick dust disks surrounding young stars and to the end of the planet formation.
Aims.This paper presents new observations of three weak-line T Tauri Stars (WTTS) of intermediate ages ranging from 7 to 16 Myr. It aims at increasing the knowledge and sample of circumstellar disks around "old" WTTS.
Methods.We observed three stars with the VLT's NAOS-CONICA adaptive optics system in coronagraphic mode. The four-quadrant phase mask coronagraph was used to improve the dynamic range (by a factor of ~100) while preserving the high angular resolution (inner working angle of $0\farcs 15$).
Results.One object of our sample (PDS 70), a K5 star, exhibits a brown dwarf companion and a disk in scattered light with a surface brightness power law of r-2.8, extending from a distance of 14 to 140 AU (assuming a stellar distance of 140 pc) and an integrated luminosity of 16.7 mJy in the $K_{\rm s}$-band. The mass of the companion can be estimated to be within a range between 27 and 50 Jupiter masses with an effective temperature of $2750 \pm 100$ K. This object also shows a resolved outflow stretching up to ~550 AU.
Conclusions.This newly detected circumstellar disk shows strong similarities with the disk around TW Hya, and adds to the observed population of "old" TTS surrounded by circumstellar material. Moreover, three clues of planetary formation are brought to light by this study.

Key words: stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks -- stars: circumstellar matter -- instrumentation: adaptive optics -- methods: observational

© ESO 2006