EDP Sciences
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Volume 457, Number 1, October I 2006
Page(s) 61 - 70
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20065291

A&A 457, 61-70 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065291

A 0.8-2.4 $\mu$m spectral atlas of active galactic nuclei

R. Riffel1, A. Rodríguez-Ardila2 and M. G. Pastoriza1

1  Departamento de Astronomia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    e-mail: [riffel;miriani.pastoriza]@ufrgs.br
2  Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica - Rua dos Estados Unidos 154, Bairro das Nações, CEP 37504-364, Itajubá, MG, Brazil
    e-mail: aardila@lna.br

(Received 27 March 2006 / Accepted 15 May 2006 )

Aims.We present a near-infrared spectral atlas of 47 active galactic nuclei (AGN) of all degrees of activity in the wavelength interval of 0.8-2.4 $\mu$m, including the fluxes of the observed emission lines. We analyze the spectroscopic properties of the continuum and emission line spectra of the sources.
Methods. In order to exclude aperture and seeing effects we used near-infrared spectroscopy in the short cross-dispersed mode (SXD, 0.8-2.4 $\mu$m), taking the JHK-bands spectra simultaneously.
Results.We present the most extensive NIR spectral atlas of AGN to date. This atlas offers a suitable database for studying the continuum and line emission properties of these objects in a region full of interesting features. The shape of the continuum of QSOs and Sy 1's are similar, being essentially flat in the H and K bands, while a strong variation is found in the J band. In Seyfert 2 galaxies, the continuum in the $F\lambda\, \times\, \lambda$ space smoothly decreases in flux from 1.2 $\mu$m redwards in almost all sources. In J, it smoothly rises bluewards in some sources, while in others a small decrease in flux is observed. The spectra are dominated by strong emission features of $\ion{H}{i}$, $\ion{He}{i}$, $\ion{He}{ii}$, [ $\ion{S}{iii}$] and by conspicuous forbidden lines of low and high ionization species. Molecular lines of H2 are common features of most objects. The absence of $\ion{O}{i}$ and $\ion{Fe}{ii}$ lines in Seyfert 2 galaxies and the smaller FWHM of these lines relative to that of $\ion{H}{i}$ in the Seyfert 1 give observational support to the fact that they are formed in the outermost portion of the broad-line region. The[ $\ion{P}{ii}$] and coronal lines are detected for all degrees of activity. The [ $\ion{Fe}{ii}$] 12 570 Å/16 436 Å line ratio becomes a reliable reddening indicator for the narrow-line region of Seyfert galaxies.

Key words: atlases -- galaxies: active -- galaxies: Seyfert -- quasars: emission lines -- galaxies: starburst

© ESO 2006

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