EDP Sciences
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Volume 456, Number 3, September IV 2006
Page(s) 1045 - 1068
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040269

A&A 456, 1045-1068 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20040269

Modeling of PMS Ae/Fe stars using UV spectra

P. F. C. Blondel1, 2 and H. R. E. Tjin A Djie1

1  Astronomical Institute "Anton Pannekoek", University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    e-mail: blondel@sara.nl
2  SARA, Kruislaan 415, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands

(Received 13 February 2004 / Accepted 13 October 2005)

Context.Spectral classification of AeFe stars, based on visual observations, may lead to ambiguous conclusions.
Aims. We aim to reduce these ambiguities by using UV spectra for the classification of these stars, because the rise of the continuum in the UV is highly sensitive to the stellar spectral type of A/F-type stars.
Methods. We analyse the low-resolution UV spectra in terms of a 3-component model, that consists of spectra of a central star, of an optically-thick accretion disc, and of a boundary-layer between the disc and star. The disc-component was calculated as a juxtaposition of Planck spectra, while the 2 other components were simulated by the low-resolution UV spectra of well-classified standard stars (taken from the IUE spectral atlases). The hot boundary-layer shows strong similarities to the spectra of late-B type supergiants (see Appendix A).
Results. We modeled the low-resolution UV spectra of 37 AeFe stars. Each spectral match provides 8 model parameters: spectral type and luminosity-class of photosphere and boundary-layer, temperature and width of the boundary-layer, disc-inclination and circumstellar extinction. From the results of these analyses, combined with available theoretical PMS evolutionary tracks, we could estimate their masses and ages and derive their mass-accretion rates. For a number of analysed PMS stars we calculated the corresponding SEDs and compared these with the observed SEDs.
Conclusions. All stars (except $\beta$Pic) show indications of accretion, that affect the resulting spectral type of the stellar photosphere. Formerly this led to ambiguities in classificaton of PMS stars as the boundary-layer was not taken into consideration. We give evidence for an increase of the mass-accretion rate with stellar mass and for a decreases of this rate with stellar age.

Key words: stars: pre-main sequence -- accretion, accretion disks

© ESO 2006