EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 449, Number 2, April II 2006
Page(s) 655 - 671
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20054377
A&A 449, 655-671 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20054377

CNO in evolved intermediate mass stars

R. Smiljanic1, B. Barbuy1, J. R. De Medeiros2 and A. Maeder3

1  Universidade de São Paulo, IAG, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    e-mail: [rodolfo;barbuy]@astro.iag.usp.br
2  Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Física, Campus Universitário, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil
    e-mail: renan@dfte.ufrn.br
3  Geneva Observatory, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
    e-mail: Andre.Maeder@obs.unige.ch

(Received 19 October 2005 / Accepted 4 November 2005)

In order to investigate the possible influence of rotation on the efficiency of the first dredge-up we determined atmospheric parameters, masses, and abundances of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen in a sample of evolved intermediate mass stars. We used high resolution spectra and conducted a model atmosphere analysis. The abundances were calculated through spectral synthesis and compared to the predictions of rotating and non-rotating evolutionary models. Almost all those objects in our sample where carbon and nitrogen abundances could be determined show signs of internal mixing. The stars, however, seem to be mixed to different extents. Among the mixed stars we identify five in our sample with abundances in agreement with the non-rotating models, four stars that seem to be mixed beyond that, and one star that seems to be slightly less mixed than predicted for the first dredge-up. There are also five stars that seem to be slightly more mixed than expected, but their abundances are in marginal agreement with both rotating and non-rotating models. Such differences in the extent of the mixing are not predicted by the standard models and imply the action of other mixing mechanisms than solely the convective dredge-up. We also identified for the first time an important correlation between the [N/C] ratio and the stellar mass.

Key words: stars: fundamental parameters -- stars: abundances -- stars: supergiants -- stars: rotation

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© ESO 2006