EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue A&A
Volume 447, Number 3, March I 2006
Page(s) 905 - 913
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20053574



A&A 447, 905-913 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20053574

Observational determination of the time delays in gravitational lens system Q2237+0305

V. Vakulik1, R. Schild2, V. Dudinov1, S. Nuritdinov3, V. Tsvetkova4, O. Burkhonov3 and T. Akhunov3

1  Institute of Astronomy of Kharkov National University, Sumskaya 35, 61022 Kharkov, Ukraine
    e-mail: vakulik@astron.kharkov.ua
2  Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3  Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute of Ac.Sci. of Uzbekistan, Astronomicheskaya 33, 700052 Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan
4  Institute of Radio Astronomy of Nat. Ac. Sci. of Ukraine, Krasnoznamennaya 4, 61002 Kharkov, Ukraine

(Received 4 June 2005 / Accepted 26 October 2005)

Abstract
We present new brightness monitoring observations of the 4 components of gravitationally lensed system Q2237+0305 , which show detection of an intrinsic quasar brightness fluctuation at a time of subdued microlensing activity, between June 27 and October 12, 2003. These data were used to determine the time delays between the arrivals of the four images. The measured delays are $\tau_{\rm BA}\approx-6$, $\tau_{\rm CA}\approx35$, and $\tau_{\rm DA}\approx2$ h, so they confirm that the long history of brightness monitoring has produced significant detection of microlensing. However the error bars associated with the delays, of order 2 days, are too large to discriminate between competing macro-imaging models. Moreover, our simulations show that for the amplitude of this intrinsic fluctuation and for photometric errors intrinsic to optical monitoring from our 1.5-m telescope or from the OGLE monitoring, a daily sampled brightness record cannot produce reliable lags for model discrimination. We use our simulations to devise a strategy for future delay determination with optical data. Nevertheless, we regard these first estimates to be significant, since they are the first direct measurements of time delays made for this system from ground-based observations in the visual wavelengths. The detected highly correlated fluctuations of the four quasar images provide an extra confirmation of the gravitational-lens nature of Q2237+0305, and give observational justification to the extensive literature which attributes the quasar's previously observed brightness fluctuations to microlensing.


Key words: gravitational lensing -- quasars: individual: Q2237+0305 -- methods: observational

SIMBAD Objects



© ESO 2006

What is OpenURL?

The OpenURL standard is a protocol for transmission of metadata describing the resource that you wish to access. An OpenURL link contains article metadata and directs it to the OpenURL server of your choice. The OpenURL server can provide access to the resource and also offer complementary services (specific search engine, export of references...). The OpenURL link can be generated by different means.
  • If your librarian has set up your subscription with an OpenURL resolver, OpenURL links appear automatically on the abstract pages.
  • You can define your own OpenURL resolver with your EDPS Account. In this case your choice will be given priority over that of your library.
  • You can use an add-on for your browser (Firefox or I.E.) to display OpenURL links on a page (see http://www.openly.com/openurlref/). You should disable this module if you wish to use the OpenURL server that you or your library have defined.

Editor-in-Chief: T. Forveille
Letters Editor-in-Chief: J. Alves
Managing Editor: C. Bertout

ISSN: 0004-6361 ; e-ISSN: 1432-0746
Frequency: 12 volumes per year
Published by: EDP Sciences

Mirror sites: CDS | EDP Sciences
  RSS feeds
© The European Southern Observatory (ESO)