EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 445, Number 2, January II 2006
Page(s) 747 - 758
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20053238
Published online 16 December 2005

A&A 445, 747-758 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20053238

3D-radiation hydro simulations of disk-planet interactions

I. Numerical algorithm and test cases
H. Klahr1, 2 and W. Kley1

1  Universität Tübingen, Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Abt. Computational Physics, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
    e-mail: wilhelm.kley@uni-tuebingen.de
2  Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
    e-mail: klahr@mpia.de

(Received 13 April 2005 / Accepted 16 August 2005 )

We study the evolution of an embedded protoplanet in a circumstellar disk using the 3D-Radiation Hydro code TRAMP, and treat the thermodynamics of the gas properly in three dimensions. The primary interest of this work lies in the demonstration and testing of the numerical method. We show how far numerical parameters can influence the simulations of gap opening. We study a standard reference model under various numerical approximations. Then we compare the commonly used locally isothermal approximation to the radiation hydro simulation using an equation for the internal energy. Models with different treatments of the mass accretion process are compared. Often mass accumulates in the Roche lobe of the planet creating a hydrostatic atmosphere around the planet. The gravitational torques induced by the spiral pattern of the disk onto the planet are not strongly affected in the average magnitude, but the short time scale fluctuations are stronger in the radiation hydro models.

An interesting result of this work lies in the analysis of the temperature structure around the planet. The most striking effect of treating the thermodynamics properly is the formation of a hot pressure-supported bubble around the planet with a pressure scale height of $H/R \approx 0.5$ rather than a thin Keplerian circumplanetary accretion disk.

Key words: accretion, accretion disks -- hydrodynamics -- solar system: formation -- radiative transfer -- planets and satellites: formation

© ESO 2005

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