EDP Sciences
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Volume 445, Number 1, January I 2006
Page(s) 341 - 346
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20054308

A&A 445, 341-346 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20054308

A posteriori detection of the planetary transit of HD 189733 b in the Hipparcos photometry

G. Hébrard and A. Lecavelier des Etangs

Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98${\rm bis}$ boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
    e-mail: hebrard@iap.fr

(Received 5 October 2005 / Accepted 10 October 2005 )

Aims.Using observations performed at the Haute-Provence Observatory, the detection of a 2.2-day orbital period extra-solar planet that transits the disk of its parent star, HD 189733, has been recently reported. We searched in the Hipparcos photometry Catalogue for possible detections of those transits.
Methods.Statistic studies were performed on the Hipparcos data in order to detect transits of HD 189733 b and to quantify the significance of their detection.
Results.With a high level of confidence, we find that Hipparcos likely observed one transit of HD 189733 b in October 1991, and possibly two others in February 1991 and February 1993. Using the range of possible periods for HD 189733 b, we find that the probability that none of those events are due to planetary transits but are instead all due to artifacts is lower than 0.15%. Using the 15-year temporal baseline available, we can measure the orbital period of the planet HD 189733 b with particularly high accuracy. We obtain a period of 2.218574+0.000006-0.000010 days, corresponding to an accuracy of ${\sim}1$ s. Such accurate measurements might provide clues for the presence of companions.

Key words: stars: individual: HD 189733 -- stars: planetary systems

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