EDP Sciences
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Volume 444, Number 2, December III 2005
Page(s) L41 - L44
Section Letters
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200500208

A&A 444, L41-L44 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200500208


Anomalous X-ray line ratios in the cTTS TW Hydrae

J.-U. Ness1 and J. H. M. M. Schmitt2

1  Department of Physics, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP, UK
    e-mail: ness@thphys.ox.ac.uk
2  Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany

(Received 31 August 2005 / Accepted 26 October 2005)

The cTTS TW Hya has been observed with high-resolution X-ray spectrometers. Previously found high densities inferred from He-like f/i triplets strongly suggested the detected X-ray emission to be dominated by an accretion shock. Because of their radiation field dependence He-like f/i ratios do not provide unambiguous density diagnostics. Here we present additional evidence for high densities from ratios of Fe XVII lines. Key Fe XVII line ratios in TW Hya deviate from theoretical expectations at low densities as well as from the same measurements in a large sample of stellar coronae. However, a quantitative assessment of densities is difficult because of atomic physics uncertainties. In addition, estimates of low optical depth in line ratios sensitive to resonance scattering effects also support a high-density emission scenario in the X-ray emitting regions of cTTS.

Key words: X-rays: stars -- stars: individual: TW Hya -- stars: pre-main sequence -- stars: coronae -- stars: activity -- accretion

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