EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 442, Number 1, October IV 2005
Page(s) 385 - 395
Section Instruments, observational techniques, and data processing
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20052779

A&A 442, 385-395 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052779

Global solar Doppler velocity determination with the GOLF/SoHO instrument

R. A. García1, 2, S. Turck-Chièze1, 2, P. Boumier3, J. M. Robillot4, L. Bertello5, J. Charra3, H. Dzitko1, A. H. Gabriel3, S. J. Jiménez-Reyes6, P. L. Pallé6, C. Renaud7, T. Roca Cortés6, 8 and R. K. Ulrich5

1  DSM/DAPNIA/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    e-mail: rgarcia@cea.fr
2  AIM, Unité Mixte de Recherche CEA, CNRS, Université Paris VII, UMR N° 7158, France
3  Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS/Université Paris XI, 91405 Orsay, France
4  Observatoire de l'Université Bordeaux 1, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France
5  Department of Physics & Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1562, USA
6  Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
7  Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Lab. Cassini, CNRS URA1362, 06304 Nice, France
8  Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

(Received 28 January 2005 / Accepted 5 July 2005 )

The Global Oscillation at Low Frequencies (GOLF) experiment is a resonant scattering spectrophotometer on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SoHO) mission, originally designed to measure the disk-integrated solar oscillations of the Sun. This instrument was designed in a relative photometric mode involving both wings of the neutral sodium doublet (D1 at $\lambda$ 5896 and D2 at $\lambda$ 5890 Å). However, a "one-wing" photometric mode has been selected to ensure 100% continuity in the measurements after a problem in the polarization mechanisms. Thus the velocity is obtained from only two points on the same wing of the lines. This operating configuration imposes tighter constraints on the stability of the instrument with a higher sensitivity to instrumental variations. In this paper we discuss the evolution of the instrument during the last 8 years in space and the corrections applied to the measured counting rates due to known instrumental effects. We also describe a scaling procedure to obtain the variation of the Doppler velocity based on our knowledge of the sodium profile slope and we compare it to previous velocity estimations.

Key words: Sun: helioseismology -- instrumentation: detectors

© ESO 2005