EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 441, Number 3, October III 2005
Page(s) 879 - 891
Section Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042204

A&A 441, 879-891 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042204

The VVDS-VLA deep field

II. Optical and near infrared identifications of VLA S $_{\bf {\mathsf{1.4\,GHz}}}>80\,\mu$Jy sources in the VIMOS VLT deep survey VVDS-02h field
P. Ciliegi1, G. Zamorani1, M. Bondi2, L. Pozzetti1, M. Bolzonella3, L. Gregorini2, 4, B. Garilli5, A. Iovino6, H. J. McCracken7, 8, Y. Mellier7, 8, M. Radovich9, H. R. de Ruiter1, P. Parma2, D. Bottini5, V. Le Brun10, O. Le Fèvre10, D. Maccagni5, J. P. Picat11, R. Scaramella12, M. Scodeggio5, L. Tresse10, G. Vettolani2, A. Zanichelli2, C. Adami10, M. Arnaboldi9, S. Arnouts10, S. Bardelli1, A. Cappi1, S. Charlot8, T. Contini11, S. Foucaud5, P. Franzetti5, L. Guzzo6, O. Ilbert10, B. Marano3, C. Marinoni10, G. Mathez11, A. Mazure10, B. Meneux10, R. Merighi1, P. Merluzzi9, S. Paltani10, A. Pollo6, E. Zucca1, A. Bongiorno3, G. Busarello9, I. Gavignaud11, R. Pellò11, V. Ripepi9 and D. Rizzo11

1  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    e-mail: paolo.ciliegi@bo.astro.it
2  IRA - INAF, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3  Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Astronomia, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
4  Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Fisica, via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna, Italy
5  IASF-INAF, via Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
6  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, Milan Italy
7  Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095, 98 bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
8  Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
9  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
10  Laboratoire d'Astropysique de Marseille, UMR 6110 CNRS - Université de Provence, Traverse du Siphon-les Trois Lucs, 13012 Marseille, France
11  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées (UMR 5572), 14 avenue E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
12  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Roma, Italy

(Received 19 October 2004 / Accepted 9 June 2005)

In this paper we present the optical and near-infrared identifications of the 1054 radio sources detected in the 20 cm deep radio survey down to a 5$\sigma$ flux limit of ~80 $\mu$Jy obtained with the VLA in the VIMOS VLT Deep Survey VVDS-02h deep field. Using U,B,V,R,I and K data, with limiting magnitudes of $U_{AB}\sim25.4$, $B_{AB}\sim26.5$, $V_{AB}\sim26.2$, $R_{AB}\sim25.9$ $I_{AB}\sim25.0$, $J_{AB}\sim24.2$, $K_{AB}\sim23.9$ (50% completeness) we identified 718 radio sources (~74% of the whole sample).

The photometric redshift analysis shows that, in each magnitude bin, the radio sample has a higher median photometric redshift than the whole optical sample, while the median (V-I)AB color of the radio sources is redder than the median color of the whole optical sample. These results suggest that radio detection is preferentially selecting galaxies with higher intrinsic optical luminosity.

From the analysis of the optical properties of the radio sources as function of the radio flux, we found that while about 35% of the radio sources are optically unidentified in the higher radio flux bin (S> 1.0 mJy), the percentage of unidentified sources decreases to about 25% in the faintest bins (S< 0.5 mJy). The median IAB magnitude for the total sample of radio sources, i.e. including also the unidentified ones, is brighter in the faintest radio bins than in the bin with higher radio flux. This suggests that most of the faintest radio sources are likely to be associated to relatively lower radio luminosity objects at relatively modest redshift, rather than radio-powerful, AGN type objects at high redshift. Using a classification in early-type and late-type galaxies based on the (B-I)AB color and the photometric redshift, we found that the majority of the radio sources below ~0.15 mJy are indeed late-type star forming galaxies. Finally, the radio sources without optical counterpart in our deep imaging have a median radio flux of 0.15 mJy, equal to that of identified sources. Given the very faint optical limits, these unidentified radio sources probably contain a significant fraction of obscured and/or high redshift galaxies.

Key words: cosmology: observations -- galaxies: general -- galaxies: starburst -- radio continuum: galaxies

SIMBAD Objects

© ESO 2005