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Issue
A&A
Volume 436, Number 1, June II 2005
Page(s) 187 - 193
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042431


A&A 436, 187-193 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042431

Radio spectral index variations of the SNR HB3

W. W. Tian1, 2 and D. Leahy2

1  National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, Beijing 100012, PR China
    e-mail: tww@ns.bao.ac.cn
2  Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

(Received 24 November 2004 / Accepted 26 January 2005 )

Abstract
We present images of the SNR HB3 at both 408 MHz and 1420 MHz from the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey mainly based on data from the Synthesis Telescope of the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory. We reproduce the 100 m-Effelsberg HB3 image at 2695 MHz at large scale, and find that there exists a background emission gradient across the HB3 area. Based on our analysis of background emission and the boundary between W3 and HB3, we give HB3's flux density as $68.6\pm11.5$ Jy at 408 MHz and $44.8\pm12.0$ Jy at 1420 MHz, after subtracting flux from compact sources within HB3. The integrated flux-density-based spectral index between 408 MHz and 1420 MHz is $0.34\pm0.15$. The averaged T-T plot spectral index using all subareas is 0.36. Our measurement values are less than a previously published value of 0.6. The 408-1420 MHz spectral index varies spatially in HB3 in the range 0.1 to 0.7. We investigate the data used by previous authors, and consider more data at 232 MHz, 3650 MHz and 3900 MHz which are not included in previous calculations. There is evidence for two spectral indices for HB3 in the radio band, i.e., 0.63 (38-610 MHz) and 0.32 (408-3900 MHz). This is consistent with the spatial variations: the low frequency data mainly reflects the steeper indices and the high frequency data mainly reflects the flatter indices.


Key words: ISM: individual: HB3 -- radio continuum: ISM -- ISM: supernova remnants

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