EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 435, Number 1, May III 2005
Page(s) 239 - 246
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042563
Published online 25 April 2005

A&A 435, 239-246 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042563

On the population of galactic Luminous Blue Variables

J. S. Clark1, 2, V. M. Larionov3, 4 and A. Arkharov5

1  Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    e-mail: jsc@star.ucl.ac.uk
2  Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
3  Astronomical Institute of St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg, Petrodvorets, Universitetsky pr. 28, 198504 St. Petersburg, Russia
4  Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, St. Petersburg Branch
5  Central Astronomical Observatory, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia

(Received 17 December 2004 / Accepted 28 January 2005 )

We report the first results of a long term infrared monitoring campaign of known and candidate galactic Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs). In particular, we are able to confirm the LBV nature of G24.73+0.69 , a luminous mid-B supergiant associated with a dusty ejection nebula. We find that prior to 2003 September G24.73+0.69 exhibited low amplitude ( $\Delta JHK \sim 0.4$ mag) variability, but in the ~200 day period between 2003 September-2004 April it abruptly brightened by ~0.7 mag in the broadband J filter. Subsequently, a further ~0.4 mag increase was observed between 2004 April-October, resulting in an overall difference of ~1.1 mag between (current) photometric mimimum and maximum; similar variability also being observed in the H and K bands. In light of the numerous recent IR studies of the galactic hot star population we also compile an updated census of confirmed and candidate galactic LBVs, reporting 12 and 23 members respectively for each class. Finally, we utilise this new census to construct an H-R diagram for the galactic LBV population, resulting in a striking confirmation of the LBV-minimum light strip.

Key words: stars: early-type -- stars: evolution -- stars: supergiants

SIMBAD Objects

© ESO 2005

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