A&A 434, 671-676 (2005)
HD 34700 is a T Tauri multiple systemM. F. Sterzik1, C. H. F. Melo1, A. A. Tokovinin2 and N. van der Bliek2
1 European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
2 Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
(Received 2 November 2004 / Accepted 28 December 2004)
We have imaged the young double-lined spectroscopic binary HD 34700 in the near-infrared and find evidence for two faint, visual, stellar components at 52 and 92 distance. High-resolution echelle spectroscopy of both stars shows strong Li I 6708 Å absorption and H emission. The spectral types of the companions are estimated from the spectra and photometry as M1-M2 and M2-M3. Their radial velocities are similar to the center-of-mass velocity of the central SB2; hence all four stars are most probably physically bound and constitute a young quadruple stellar system with an inner short-period binary. We provide a list of pre-main sequence spectroscopic binaries with additional components of which HD 34700 is yet another example. The available statistics strengthen the suspicion that dynamical effects in multiple systems play a key role in the formation of very close binaries early in their evolution.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic -- stars: formation -- binaries: close -- binaries: general -- stars: pre-main sequence
© ESO 2005