EDP Sciences
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Volume 431, Number 3, March I 2005
Page(s) 933 - 942
Section Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041935

A&A 431, 933-942 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041935

Chemical composition of evolved stars in the open cluster NGC 7789

G. Tautvaisiene1, B. Edvardsson2, E. Puzeras1 and I. Ilyin3

1  Vilnius University Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Gostauto 12, Vilnius 01108, Lithuania
    e-mail: taut@itpa.lt
2  Department of Astronomy and Space Physics, Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, Box 515, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
3  Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany

(Received 1 September 2004 / Accepted 15 October 2004 )

High-resolution spectra of six giants and three core-helium-burning "clump" stars in the open cluster NGC 7789 have been obtained with the SOFIN spectrograph on the Nordic Optical Telescope to investigate abundances of up to 20 chemical elements. Abundances of carbon were studied using the ${\rm C}_2$ Swan (0, 1) band head at 5635.5 Å. The wavelength interval 7980-8130 Å with strong CN features was analysed in order to determine nitrogen abundances and $^{12}{\rm C}/^{13}{\rm C}$ isotope ratios. The oxygen abundances were determined from the [O I] line at 6300 Å. The overall metallicity of evolved stars in the cluster was found to be close to solar ( $\rm [Fe/H]=-0.04\pm0.05$). Compared with the Sun and other dwarf stars of the Galactic disk, mean abundances in the investigated giant stars suggest that carbon is depleted by about 0.2 dex, and nitrogen and oxygen are close to solar. In the clump stars investigated, carbon is depleted by about 0.2 dex, the mean abundance of nitrogen is enhanced by 0.26 dex and oxygen is lower by 0.14 dex. This has the effect of lowering the mean C/N ratios to the value of $1.9\pm0.5$ in the giant stars and to the value of $1.3\pm0.2$ in the clump stars. The mean $^{12}{\rm C}/^{13}{\rm C}$ ratios are lowered to about the same value of $9\pm1$ in the giants and clump stars investigated. Concerning other chemical elements an overabundance of sodium is noticeable and of silicon and calcium one is suspected. Abundances of iron-group and heavier chemical elements in all nine stars were found to be close to solar.

Key words: stars: abundances -- stars: atmospheres -- stars: horizontal-branch -- Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 7789

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