EDP Sciences
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Volume 431, Number 1, February III 2005
Page(s) 175 - 182
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041490

A&A 431, 175-182 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041490

Mid-IR observations of circumstellar disks

II. Vega-type stars and a post-main sequence object
O. Schütz1, G. Meeus2 and M. F. Sterzik3

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
    e-mail: schuetz@mpia.de
2  Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
3  European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Santiago 19, Chile

(Received 18 June 2004 / Accepted 10 September 2004 )

We present spectral energy distributions and new N-band photometry and spectroscopy for a sample of six main sequence stars and one post-MS object using the ESO TIMMI2 camera at La Silla observatory (Chile). All objects are thought to possess circumstellar material and for the majority of the targets this is their first N-band spectroscopic observation. The emission spectra (observed in three cases), modelled with a mixture of silicates consisting of different grain sizes and composition, confirm the suspected presence of disks around these targets. The most important discovery is that HD 113766, a young Vega-type star, is host to highly processed dust which is probably second generation. It is the first time a Vega-type star with such highly evolved dust has been observed. Silicate emission of basically unevolved dust is seen in case of the post-MS object HD 41511 and the Vega-type star HD 172555. In addition, to study the cold dust, we observed a subsample at 1200  $\mu$m with the bolometer array SIMBA at the SEST in La Silla but we only got upper limits for those five objects. This shows that these Vega-type stars have a smaller amount of dust than their precursors, the T Tauri and Herbig Ae/Be stars.

Key words: stars: circumstellar matter -- stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks -- infrared: stars -- techniques: spectroscopic -- submillimeter

SIMBAD Objects

© ESO 2005