EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 430, Number 3, February II 2005
Page(s) 1089 - 1097
Section The Sun
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041356

A&A 430, 1089-1097 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041356

Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images

II. Dynamics around a decaying sunspot
J. A. Bonet1, I. Márquez1, 2, R. Muller3, M. Sobotka4 and Th. Roudier3

1  Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    e-mail: jab@ll.iac.es
2  Departamento de Análisis Matemático de la Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3  Observatoire du Pic du Midi, 57 avenue d'Azereix, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes, France
4  Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 25165 Ondrejov, Czech Republic

(Received 26 May 2004 / Accepted 20 September 2004 )

Two time series, taken simultaneously in the G-band and in white-light, and corrected for telescope aberrations and turbulence perturbations using the method of phase diversity, are employed to study the motions of granules and G-band bright points (GBPs) in the moat of an old regular sunspot. Local correlation tracking and feature tracking have been utilized for this purpose. A large-scale radial outflow with a mean velocity of  0.51 km s -1 has been measured in the sunspot moat. Centres of diverging horizontal motions, identified with families of granules formed by repeatedly splitting granules, move away from the sunspot. Most of the GBPs in the moat also move outwards through radially orientated "channels" (confined between the borders of adjacent families) with velocities comparable to those of the adjacent granules. However, 6% of the GBPs move faster ( > 1.4 km s -1) than the neighbouring granules. GBPs in the moat are not regularly distributed but they are less frequent on its solar centre side.

Key words: Sun: photosphere -- Sun: sunspots -- methods: data analysis -- Sun: granulation -- Sun: magnetic fields -- techniques: image processing

© ESO 2005