EDP Sciences
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Volume 429, Number 3, January III 2005
Page(s) 755 - 765
Section Astrophysical processes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041517

A&A 429, 755-765 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20041517

On the spectrum of high-energy cosmic rays produced by supernova remnants in the presence of strong cosmic-ray streaming instability and wave dissipation

V. S. Ptuskin1 and V. N. Zirakashvili1, 2

1  Institute for Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, 142190 Troitsk, Moscow Region, Russia
    e-mail: vptuskin@izmiran.rssi.ru
2  Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, 69029 Heidelberg, Postfach 103980, Germany
    e-mail: zirak@mpimail.mpi-hd.mpg.de

(Received 23 June 2004 / Accepted 16 August 2004)

The cosmic-ray streaming instability creates strong magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the precursor of a SN shock. The level of turbulence determines the maximum energy of cosmic-ray particles accelerated by the diffusive shock acceleration mechanism. In this paper we present the continuation of previous work (Ptuskin & Zirakashvili 2003). We assume that Kolmogorov type nonlinear wave interactions together with ion-neutral collisions restrict the amplitude of the random magnetic field. As a result, the maximum energy of the accelerated particles strongly depends on the age of a SNR. The average spectrum of cosmic rays injected in the interstellar medium in the course of the adiabatic SNR evolution (the Sedov stage) is approximately $Q(p)p^{2}\propto p^{-2}$ at energies larger than 10-30 GeV/nucleon and with a maximum particle energy that is close to the position of the knee in the cosmic-ray spectrum observed at ~ $4\times10^{15}$ eV. At an earlier stage of SNR evolution - the ejecta-dominated stage described by the Chevalier-Nadyozhin solution, the particles are accelerated to higher energies and have a rather steep power-law distribution. These results suggest that the knee may mark the transition from the ejecta-dominated to the adiabatic evolution of SNR shocks which accelerate cosmic rays.

Key words: ISM: supernova remnants -- ISM: cosmic rays

© ESO 2005