EDP Sciences
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Volume 424, Number 1, September II 2004
Page(s) 79 - 90
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040324

A&A 424, 79-90 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20040324

Transformations of galaxies in the environments of the cluster ABCG 209 at z $\mathsf{\sim}$ 0.2

A. Mercurio1, 2, G. Busarello1, P. Merluzzi1, F. La Barbera1, M. Girardi2 and C. P. Haines1

1  INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
    e-mail: mercurio@na.astro.it
2  Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34100 Trieste, Italy

(Received 24 February 2004 / Accepted 16 May 2004)

We analyse the properties of galaxy populations in the rich Abell cluster ABCG 209 at redshift $z\sim$ 0.21, on the basis of spectral classification of 102 member galaxies. We take advantage of available structural parameters to study separately the properties of bulge-dominated and disk-dominated galaxies. The star formation histories of the cluster galaxy populations are investigated by using line strengths and the 4000 Å break, through a comparison to stellar population synthesis models. The dynamical properties of different spectral classes are examined in order to infer the past merging history of ABCG 209. The cluster is characterized by the presence of two components: an old galaxy population, formed very early ( $z_{\rm f} \ga $ 3.5), and a younger ( $z_{\rm f} \ga $ 1.2) population of infalling galaxies. We find evidence of a merger with an infalling group of galaxies occurred 3.5-4.5 Gyr ago. The correlation between the position of the young H $_\delta$-strong galaxies and the X-ray flux shows that the hot intracluster medium triggered a starburst in this galaxy population ~3 Gyr ago.

Key words: Galaxy: evolution -- Galaxy: fundamental parameters -- galaxies: stellar content -- galaxies: clusters: individual: ABCG 209

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