EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 421, Number 3, July III 2004
Page(s) 783 - 795
Section Astrophysical processes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20035778

A&A 421, 783-795 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20035778

The cellular burning regime in type Ia supernova explosions

II. Flame propagation into vortical fuel
F. K. Röpke1, W. Hillebrandt2 and J. C. Niemeyer3

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
2  Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
    e-mail: wfh@mpa-garching.mpg.de
3  Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
    e-mail: niemeyer@astro.uni-wuerzburg.de

(Received 1 December 2003 / Accepted 8 April 2004 )

We investigate the interaction of thermonuclear flames in Type Ia supernova explosions with vortical flows by means of numerical simulations. In our study, we focus on small scales, where the flame propagation is no longer dominated by the turbulent cascade originating from large-scale effects. Here, the flame propagation proceeds in the cellular burning regime, resulting from a balance between the Landau-Darrieus instability and its nonlinear stabilization. The interaction of a cellularly stabilized flame front with a vortical fuel flow is explored applying a variety of fuel densities and strengths of the velocity fluctuations. We find that the vortical flow can break up the cellular flame structure if it is sufficiently strong. In this case the flame structure adapts to the imprinted flow field. The transition from the cellularly stabilized front to the flame structure dominated by vortices of the flow proceeds in a smooth way. The implications of the results of our simulations for Type Ia Supernova explosion models are discussed.

Key words: stars: supernovae: general -- hydrodynamics -- instabilities -- turbulence

Offprint request: F. K. Röpke, fritz@mpa-garching.mpg.de

© ESO 2004