EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 421, Number 2, July II 2004
Page(s) 529 - 537
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20035764


A&A 421, 529-537 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20035764

Observations of 54 Active Galactic Nuclei with the HEGRA system of Cherenkov telescopes

F. Aharonian1, A. Akhperjanian2, M. Beilicke3, K. Bernlöhr1, H.-G. Börst4, H. Bojahr5, O. Bolz1, T. Coarasa6, J. L. Contreras7, J. Cortina6, S. Denninghoff6, V. Fonseca7, M. Girma1, N. Götting3, G. Heinzelmann3, G. Hermann1, A. Heusler1, W. Hofmann1, D. Horns1, I. Jung1, R. Kankanyan1, M. Kestel6, A. Konopelko1, H. Kornmeyer6, D. Kranich6, H. Lampeitl1, M. Lopez7, E. Lorenz6, F. Lucarelli7, O. Mang4, D. Mazin3, 8, H. Meyer5, R. Mirzoyan6, A. Moralejo7, E. Ona-Wilhelmi7, M. Panter1, A. Plyasheshnikov1, 9, G. Pühlhofer1, R. de los Reyes7, W. Rhode5, J. Ripken3, G. Rowell1, V. Sahakian2, M. Samorski4, M. Schilling4, M. Siems4, D. Sobzynska6, 10, W. Stamm4, M. Tluczykont3, 11, V. Vitale6, H. J. Völk1, C. A. Wiedner1 and W. Wittek6

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg, Germany
2  Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. 2, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia
3  Universität Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg, Germany
4  Universität Kiel, Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Leibnizstraße 15-19, 24118 Kiel, Germany
5  Universität Wuppertal, Fachbereich Physik, Gaußstr. 20, 42097 Wuppertal, Germany
6  Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München, Germany
7  Universidad Complutense, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
8  Now at (2)
9  On leave from Altai State University, Dimitrov Street 66, 656099 Barnaul, Russia
10  Home institute: University Lodz, Poland
11  Now at École Polytechnique, LLR, 91128 Palaiseau cedex, France

(Received 28 November 2003 / Accepted 24 March 2004 )

Abstract
A sample of 54 selected Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) has been observed with the HEGRA stereoscopic system of Cherenkov Telescopes between 1996 and 2002 in the TeV energy regime. The observations were motivated by the positive results obtained for Mkn 421 and Mkn 501. The distances of the selected objects vary over a large range of redshifts between z = 0.004 and z = 0.7. Among the observed AGN are the now-established TeV-emitting BL Lac type objects H 1426+428 and 1ES 1959+650. Furthermore the BL Lac object 1ES 2344+514 and the radio galaxy M 87 show evidence for a signal on a 4 $\sigma$ level. The observation of 1ES 2344+514 together with the Whipple results firmly establishes this AGN as a TeV source. Several objects (PKS 2155-304, BL Lacertae, 3C 066A) that have been claimed as TeV ${\mathrm \gamma}$-ray emitters by other groups are included in this data sample but could not be confirmed using data analysed here. The upper limits from several AGN included in this analysis are compared with predictions in the frame-work of SSC models.


Key words: gamma rays: observations -- galaxies: active -- galaxies: BL Lacertae objects: individual: 1ES 2344+514 -- BL Lacertae objects: individual: 1ES 1959+650 -- BL Lacertae objects: individual: H 1426+428 -- galaxies: individual: M 87

Offprint request: M. Tluczykont, Martin.Tluczykont@desy.de

SIMBAD Objects



© ESO 2004