EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 419, Number 3, June I 2004
Page(s) 1111 - 1122
Section Stellar atmospheres
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20034040
Published online 07 May 2004

A&A 419, 1111-1122 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20034040

Radiation-driven winds of hot luminous stars

XV. Constraints on the mass-luminosity relation of central stars of planetary nebulae
A. W. A. Pauldrach1, T. L. Hoffmann1 and R. H. Méndez2

1  Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik der Universität München, Scheinerstraße 1, 81679 München, Germany
2  Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

(Received 2 July 2003 / Accepted 16 February 2004)

We present a new model atmosphere analysis of nine central stars of planetary nebulae. This study is based on a new generation of realistic stellar model atmospheres for hot stars; state-of-the-art, hydrodynamically consistent, spherically symmetric model atmospheres that have been shown to correctly reproduce the observed UV spectra of massive Population I O-type stars. The information provided by the wind features (terminal velocity, mass loss rate) permits to derive the physical size of each central star, from which we can derive the stellar luminosity, mass, and distance, without having to assume a relation between stellar mass and luminosity taken from the theory of stellar structure and AGB and post-AGB evolution. The results of our analysis are quite surprising: we find severe departures from the generally accepted relation between post-AGB central star mass and luminosity.

Key words: stars: atmospheres -- stars: winds, outflows -- stars: evolution -- stars: fundamental parameters -- stars: early-type

Offprint request: A. W. A. Pauldrach, uh10107@usm.uni-muenchen.de

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