EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 416, Number 1, March II 2004
Page(s) 41 - 55
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20034020

A&A 416, 41-55 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20034020

Dust emission in early-type galaxies: The mid-infrared view

E. M. Xilouris, S. C. Madden, F. Galliano, L. Vigroux and M. Sauvage

DAPNIA/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
(Received 27 June 2003 / Accepted 24 November 2003)

We present mid-infrared (MIR) maps for a sample of 18 early-type galaxies observed at 4.5, 6.7 and 15  $\mu {\rm m}$ with the ISOCAM instrument on board the ISO satellite with a 6 '' spatial resolution. We model the Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) of these galaxies using the stellar evolutionary synthesis model PÉGASE and we derive the MIR excess over the stellar component. We then explore the nature of this excess in terms of dust and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules (PAHs). We find that out of 18 galaxies, 10 show excess at 6.7  $\mu {\rm m}$ (due to the presence of PAH features) and 14 show excess at 15  $\mu {\rm m}$ (due to the presence of warm dust). In two galaxies, where a more complete wavelength coverage exists, an excess around 9.7  $\mu {\rm m}$ is seen (presumably due to silicate dust emission), while two other galaxies are totally devoid of dust. We also examine the morphology of the galaxies in these wavelengths by plotting the azimuthally averaged radial profiles as well as the MIR color profiles. We find that for the majority of the galaxies the 4.5  $\mu {\rm m}$ emission is well described by a de Vaucouleurs profile. The 6.7  $\mu {\rm m}$ and 15  $\mu {\rm m}$ emission is smoothly distributed throughout the galaxy while only a few galaxies show MIR emission which is more concentrated close to the center. Two dwarf galaxies in our sample show patchy distributions of the MIR emission while two other galaxies show edge-on disks. With color-color diagrams we delineate the regions occupied by late-type and early-type galaxies. Finally we show that the MIR excess found in strong radio galaxies like NGC 4486 (M87) can be explained by synchrotron emission.

Key words: ISM: dust, extinction -- galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD -- galaxies: ISM -- infrared: galaxies -- infrared: ISM

Offprint request: S. C. Madden, smadden@cea.fr

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