EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 415, Number 1, February III 2004
Page(s) 63 - 76
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20034122
Published online 03 February 2004

A&A 415, 63-76 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20034122

Disk-bulge decompositions of spiral galaxies in UBVRI

C. Möllenhoff

Landessternwarte, Königstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
(Received 28 July 2003 / Accepted 20 October 2003)

A sample of 26 bright spiral galaxies ( ${B_{\rm tot}} < 12.7$) with low to medium inclination and without a bar was observed with UBVRI filters. The CAFOS focal reducer camera at the Calar Alto 2.2 m telescope was used. The surface-brightness distributions were fitted using a 2-dimensional algorithm with corresponding functions for the disk- and bulge-structure. For the disks an exponential function was used, for the bulges a Sérsic $R^{\beta}$ law, was applied with the concentration parameter $\beta = 1/n$ as another fit variable. Correlations of the resulting structural parameters of disks and bulges in UBVRI are investigated, giving clues to the formation history of the bulges.

We confirm that the large and bright bulges of early-type spirals are similar to elliptical galaxies. They were probably formed prior to the disks in a monolithic collapse or via early mergers. Late-type spirals have tiny and faint bulges with disk-like profiles. These bulges were probably formed after the disk in secular evolution processes, e.g. from a disk instability. The comparison of the color indices of corresponding spirals and bulges with population synthesis computations support above formation scenarios.

Key words: galaxies: spiral -- galaxies: structure -- galaxies: photometry -- galaxies: fundamental parameters -- galaxies: statistics -- galaxies: formation

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