EDP Sciences
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Volume 413, Number 3, January III 2004
Page(s) 1073 - 1085
Section Formation and evolution of planetary systems
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031590

A&A 413, 1073-1085 (2004)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031590

First stars IV. CS 29497-030: Evidence for operation of the s-process at very low metallicity

T. Sivarani1, P. Bonifacio1, P. Molaro1, R. Cayrel2, M. Spite2, F. Spite2, B. Plez3, J. Andersen4, B. Barbuy5, T. C. Beers6, E. Depagne7, V. Hill2, P. François2, B. Nordström8, 4 and F. Primas9

1  Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
    e-mail: sivarani@ts.astro.it,molaro@ts.astro.it
2  Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, GEPI, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
    e-mail: Vanessa.Hill@obspm.fr,Roger.Cayrel@obspm.fr,Monique.Spite@obspm.fr, Francois.Spite@obspm.fr,Patrick.Francois@obspm.fr
3  GRAAL, Université de Montpellier II, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
    e-mail: Bertrand.Plez@graal.univ-montp2.fr
4  Astronomical Observatory, NBIfAFG, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    e-mail: ja@astro.ku.dk
5  IAG, Universidade de São Paulo, Departamento de Astronomia, CP 3386, 01060-970 São Paulo, Brazil
    e-mail: barbuy@astro.iag.usp.br
6  Department of Physics & Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    e-mail: beers@pa.msu.edu
7  European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
    e-mail: edepagne@eso.org
8  Lund Observatory, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
    e-mail: birgitta@astro.lu.se
9  European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarschild-Str. 2, 85749 Garching b. München, Germany
    e-mail: fprimas@eso.org

(Received 14 April 2003 / Accepted 1 October 2003)

We present an abundance analysis of the very metal-poor, carbon-enhanced star CS 29497-030. Our results indicate that this unusually hot turnoff star ( $T_{{\rm eff}} = 6650$ K, log  g = 3.5) has a metallicity [Fe/H]  = -2.8 , and exhibits large overabundances of carbon ([C/Fe] = +2.38), nitrogen ([N/Fe] = +1.88), and oxygen ([O/Fe] = +1.67). This star also exhibits a large enhancement in its neutron-capture elements; the pattern follows that expected to arise from the s-process. In particular, the Pb abundance is found to be very high with respect to iron ([Pb/Fe] = +3.5), and also with respect to the second peak s-process elements (e.g., Ba, La, Ce, Nd), which fits into the newly introduced classification of lead (Pb) stars. The known spectroscopic binary status of this star, along with the observed s-process abundance pattern, suggest that it has accreted matter from a companion, which formerly was an Asymptotic Giant-Branch (AGB) star. In a preliminary analysis, we have also identified broad absorption lines of metallic species that suggest a large axial rotational velocity for this star, which may be the result of spin-up associated with the accretion of material from its previous AGB companion. In addition, this star is clearly depleted in the light element Li. When considered along with its rather high inferred temperature, these observations are consistent with the expected properties of a very low metallicity halo blue straggler.

Key words: nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances -- stars: abundances -- stars: binary: spectroscopic -- stars: individual: CS29497-030 -- Galaxy: halo -- Galaxy: abundances

Offprint request: P. Bonifacio, bonifaci@ts.astro.it

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