EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 409, Number 1, October I 2003
Page(s) 275 - 286
Section Formation and evolution of planetary systems
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031086

A&A 409, 275-286 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031086

Rotation and magnetic field in the Be star $\omega$ Orionis

C. Neiner1, 2, 3, A.-M. Hubert1, Y. Frémat1, M. Floquet1, S. Jankov4, 5, O. Preuss6, H. F. Henrichs2 and J. Zorec7

1  GEPI/UMR 8111 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, France
2  Sterrenkundig Instituut "Anton Pannekoek", Universiteit van Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3  RSSD, ESTEC / ESA, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk ZH, The Netherlands
4  Département d'Astrophysique de l'Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, UMR 6525 du CNRS, France
5  Astronomical Observatory Beograd, MNTRS 1940, Volgina 7, 11050 Beograd, Serbia
6  Max Plank Institut für Aeronomie, Lindau, Germany
7  Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (IAP), France

(Received 21 March 2003 / Accepted 7 July 2003)

$\omega$ Ori is a B2IIIe star for which rotational modulation and non-radial pulsations (NRP) have been recently investigated from two independent observational campaigns in 1998 and 1999. Putting the data of these 2 campaigns together, and adding data obtained in 2001, we search for multiperiodicity in the line profile variations and evidence for outbursts. From new spectropolarimetric data obtained at the Télescope Bernard Lyot (TBL, Pic du Midi, France) in 2001 we also measure the Stokes  V parameter in the polarised light. We find evidence for the presence of a weak magnetic field in $\omega$ Ori sinusoidally varying with a period of 1.29 d. The equivalent widths (EW) of the wind sensitive UV resonance lines also show a variation with the same period, which we identify as the rotational period of the star. We propose an oblique rotator model and derive $B_{\rm pol} =530\, \pm\, 230$ G to explain the observations. Moreover, we carry out an abundance analysis and find the star to be N-enriched, a property which is shared with other magnetic stars. We propose $\omega$ Ori as the first known classical Be star hosting a magnetic field.

Key words: stars: magnetic fields -- stars: oscillations -- stars: winds, outflows -- stars: individual: $\omega$ Ori

Offprint request: C. Neiner, cneiner@rssd.esa.int

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