EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 408, Number 1, September II 2003
Page(s) 363 - 378
Section Diffuse matter in space
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030979

A&A 408, 363-378 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030979

Time series of high resolution photospheric spectra in a quiet region of the sun

I. Analysis of global and spatial variations of line parameters
K. Puschmann1, 2, 3, M. Vázquez2, J. A. Bonet2, B. Ruiz Cobo2 and A. Hanslmeier3

1  Universitäts-Sternwarte, Geismarlandstr. 11, 37083 Göttingen, Germany
2  Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/Vía Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Spain
3  Institut für Geophysik, Astronomie und Metereologie, Universitätsplatz 5, 8010 Graz, Austria

(Received 26 November 2002 / Accepted 19 June 2003 )

A 50 min time series of one-dimensional slit-spectrograms, taken in quiet sun at disk centre, observed at the German Vacuum Tower Telescope (Observatorio del Teide), was used to study the global and spatial variations of different line parameters. In order to determine the vertical structure of the photosphere two lines with well separated formation heights have been considered. The data have been filtered of p-modes to isolate the pure convective phenomenon. From our studies of global correlation coefficients and coherence and phase shift analyses between the several line parameters, the following results can be reported. The convective velocity pattern preserves structures larger than $1\,\farcs0$ up to the highest layers of the photosphere (~435 km). However, at these layers, in the intensity pattern only structures larger than  $2\,\farcs0$ are still connected with those at the continuum level although showing inverted brightness contrast. This confirms an inversion of temperature that we have found at a height of ~140 km. A possible evidence of gravity waves superimposed to the convective motions is derived from the phase shift analysis. We interprete the behaviour of the full width at half maximum and the equivalent width as a function of the distance to the granular borders, as a consequence of enhanced turbulence and/or strong velocity gradients in the intergranular lanes.

Key words: Sun: general -- Sun: photosphere -- Sun: granulation -- techniques: spectroscopic -- hydrodynamics -- turbulence

Offprint request: K. Puschmann, kgp@uni-sw.gwdg.de

© ESO 2003