EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 406, Number 3, August II 2003
Page(s) L55 - L58
Section Letters
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030710
Published online 17 November 2003

A&A 406, L55-L58 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030710


Dust emission from the most distant quasars

F. Bertoldi1, C. L. Carilli2, P. Cox3, X. Fan4, M. A. Strauss5, A. Beelen3, A. Omont6 and R. Zylka7

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2  National Radio Astronomy Observatory, PO Box, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
3  Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Université de Paris XI, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
4  Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
5  Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
6  Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 98bis Bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France
7  IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St. Martin d'Heres, France

(Received 1 April 2003 / Accepted 12 May 2003)

We report observations of three SDSS z>6 QSOs at 250 GHz (1.2 mm) using the 117-channel Max-Planck Millimeter Bolometer (MAMBO-2) array at the IRAM 30-meter telescope. J1148+5251 ( z=6.42) and J1048+4637 ( z=6.23) were detected with 250 GHz flux densities of $\rm 5.0 \pm 0.6 \,~mJy$ and $\rm 3.0 \pm 0.4 \,~mJy$, respectively. J1630+4012 ( z=6.05) was not detected with a  $3~\sigma$ upper limit of 1.8 mJy. Upper flux density limits from VLA observations at 43 GHz for J1148+5251 and J1048+4637 imply steeply rising spectra, indicative of thermal infrared emission from warm dust. The far-infrared luminosities are estimated to be $\approx$ $10^{13} \, L_\odot$, and the dust masses $\approx$ $ 10^8 \, M_\odot$, assuming Galactic dust properties. The presence of large amounts of dust in the highest redshift QSOs indicates that dust formation must be rapid during the early evolution of QSO host galaxies. Dust absorption may hinder the escape of ionizing photons which reionize the intergalactic medium at this early epoch.

Key words: galaxies: formation -- galaxies: starburst -- galaxies: high-redshift -- quasars: general -- cosmology: observations -- submillimeter

Offprint request: F. Bertoldi, bertoldi@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de

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© ESO 2003

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