EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 403, Number 3, June I 2003
Page(s) 889 - 899
Section Galactic structure and dynamics
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030417

A&A 403, 889-899 (2003)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20030417

A multi-wavelength test of the FR I-BL Lac unifying model

E. Trussoni1, A. Capetti1, A. Celotti2, M. Chiaberge3, 4 and L. Feretti4

1  Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, Strada Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy
2  SISSA, via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
3  Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 S. Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
4  Istituto di Radioastronomia del C.N.R., via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy

(Received 10 September 2002 / Accepted 13 March 2003)

We collect multi-wavelength measurements of the nuclear emission of 20 low luminosity FR I radio-galaxies to test the viability of the FR I-BL Lac unifying model. Although poorly sampled, the Spectral Energy Distributions (SED) of FR Is are consistent with the double peaked shape characteristic of BL Lacs. Furthermore while the distribution of the FR Is in the broad-band spectral index planes shows essentially no overlap with the regions where HBL and LBL are located, this can be simply due to the effects of relativistic beaming. More quantitatively, deriving the beaming Doppler factor of a given radio-galaxy from its X-ray luminosity ratio with respect to BL Lacs with similar extended radio luminosity, we find that i) the luminosity in all bands, ii) the value of the spectral indices, iii) the slope of the X-ray spectrum, iv) the overall SED shape, may be all simultaneously reproduced. However, the corresponding jet bulk Lorentz factors are significantly smaller than those derived for BL Lacs from other observational and theoretical considerations. This suggests to consider a simple variant of the unification scheme that allows for the presence of a velocity structure in the jet.

Key words: galaxies: active -- galaxies: jets -- galaxies: nuclei -- BL Lacertae objects: general

Offprint request: E. Trussoni, trussoni@to.astro.it

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