EDP Sciences
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Volume 395, Number 3, December I 2002
Page(s) 823 - 828
Section Stellar clusters and associations
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20021360

A&A 395, 823-828 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20021360

CCD photometric search for peculiar stars in open clusters

IV. Collinder 272, Pismis 20, Lyngå 14, NGC 6396 and NGC 6611
E. Paunzen1, 2, O. I. Pintado3 and H. M. Maitzen1

1  Institut für Astronomie der Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
2  Zentraler Informatikdienst der Universität Wien, Universitätsstr. 7, 1010 Wien, Austria
3  Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina

(Received 8 July 2002 / Accepted 16 August 2002)

The time scale on which chemical peculiarity in upper main sequence stars begins is unknown. Results from the Hipparcos measurements indicate that the classical chemically peculiar (CP) stars occupy the whole area from the zero age main sequence to the terminal age main sequence (Gómez et al. 1998). However, Hubrig et al. (2000) reported that the magnetic fields appear only in stars that have already completed at least approximately 30% of their main sequence life time. Previous observations in the very young Orion OB1 and Scorpio-Centaurus associations (Joncas & Borra 1981; Borra et al. 1982) reveal a percentage of chemically peculiar stars that is significantly smaller (less than 5%) than that of the galactic field (up to 25%). This already indicates that the phenomenon needs at least several 10 6 yr to appear. Since no further observations have been published since then, we have observed the five very young (1 Myr  $\leq$ age  $\leq$ 25 Myr) open clusters Collinder 272, Pismis 20, Lyngå 14, NGC 6396 and NGC 6611. Photometry from 250 CCD frames in the three filter $\Delta a$-system results in very low detection limits (0.008 to 0.015 mag). We find no single photometrically chemically peculiar candidate in approximately 460 observed cluster members in the five program clusters. From the number of observed objects we deduce upper limits between 0.6% and 2.4% for the incidence of CP stars for the four observed aggregates.

Key words: stars: chemically peculiar -- stars: early-type -- techniques: photometric -- open clusters and associations: general

Offprint request: E. Paunzen, Ernst.Paunzen@univie.ac.at

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