EDP Sciences
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Volume 392, Number 2, September III 2002
Page(s) 671 - 690
Section Formation and evolution of planetary systems
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20020937

A&A 392, 671-690 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020937

The planet search program at the ESO Coudé Echelle spectrometer

III. The complete Long Camera survey results
M. Endl1, 2, 3, M. Kürster3, 4, S. Els5, 4, 3, 6, A. P. Hatzes4, W. D. Cochran2, K. Dennerl7 and S. Döbereiner7

1  Universität Wien, Institut für Astronomie, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
2  McDonald Observatory, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-1083, USA
    e-mail: mike@astro.as.utexas.edu; wdc@shiraz.as.utexas.edu
3  European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago 19, Chile
4  Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
    e-mail: martin@tls-tautenburg.de; artie@jupiter.tls-tautenburg.de
5  Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, Apartado de Correos 321, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
    e-mail: sels@ing.iac.es
6  Universität Heidelberg, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Tiergartenstr. 15, 69121 Heidelberg, Germany
7  Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr., 85748 Garching, Germany
    e-mail: kod@mpe.mpg.de

(Received 21 February 2002 / Accepted 5 June 2002 )

We present the complete results of the planet search program carried out at the ESO Coudé Echelle Spectrometer (CES) on La Silla, using the Long Camera from Nov. 1992 to April 1998. The CES survey has monitored 37 late-type (F8V - M5V) stars in the southern hemisphere for variations in their differential radial velocities ( RV) in order to detect Doppler reflex motions caused by planetary companions. This led to the discovery of the first extrasolar planet in an Earth-like orbit around the young (ZAMS) and active G0V star $\iota$ Horologii (Kürster et al. 2000). Here we present the RV results for all survey stars and perform a statistical examination of the whole data-set. Each star is tested for RV variability, RV trends (linear and non-linear) and significant periodic signals. $\beta$ Hyi and $\epsilon$ Ind are identified as long-term, low-amplitude RV variables. Furthermore, for 30 CES survey stars we determine quantitative upper mass-limits for giant planets based on our long-term RV results. We find that the CES Long Camera survey would have detected short-period ("51 Peg-type") planets around all 30 stars but no planets with $m\sin i < 1~{M}_{\rm Jup}$ at orbital separations larger than 2 AU. Finally, we demonstrate that the CES planet search can be continued without applying velocity corrections to the RV results coming from the currently installed Very Long Camera at the CES.

Key words: stars: planetary systems -- stars: binaries: spectroscopic -- stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs -- techniques: radial velocities

Offprint request: M. Endl, mike@astro.as.utexas.edu

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