EDP Sciences
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Volume 387, Number 3, June I 2002
Page(s) 890 - 902
Section Stellar clusters and associations
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20020412

A&A 387, 890-902 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020412

Light element abundances in the young open clusters NGC 3293 , NGC 4755 and NGC 6231 : Tracers of stellar evolution

G. Mathys1, S. M. Andrievsky2, 3, B. Barbuy2, K. Cunha4 and S. A. Korotin3, 5

1  European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
    e-mail: gmathys@eso.org
2  Universidade de São Paulo, CP 3386, São Paulo 01060-970, Brazil
    e-mail: barbuy@orion.iagusp.usp.br; sergei@andromeda.iagusp.usp.br
3  Department of Astronomy, Odessa State University, Shevchenko Park, 65014, Odessa, Ukraine
4  Observatório Nacional, Rua General Cristino 77, CEP 20921-400, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    e-mail: katia@maxwell.on.br
5  Odessa Observatory and Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Odessa Branch, Ukraine
    e-mail: serkor@skyline.od.ua

(Received 19 November 2001 / Accepted 14 March 2002 )

The abundances of He (LTE), C, N, and O (NLTE) were derived for 21 B stars in three young open clusters. Almost all the stars show subsolar CNO abundances. However, the mean oxygen abundance for each programme cluster appears to be in marginal agreement with the most recent revisions of the solar value. After consideration of the CN abundances in this sample, there is no clear evidence of internal mixing. Only three stars among the non-supergiants seem to show a nitrogen enhancement. Two of them have a fairly low projected equatorial velocity (admittedly, they may be rapid rotators seen pole-on); the third one is a definite fast rotator. In the lower gravity stars (three stars in this sample with $\log g < 3.0$) some kind of mixing has apparently occurred. The supergiants do not differ significantly from the other programme stars in their respective helium contents. The mean helium abundance for each cluster is close to the standard value, (He/H) $\approx 11.0$.

Key words: open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 3293, NGC 4755, NGC 6231 -- stars: abundances -- stars: early type

Offprint request: S. M. Andrievsky, scan@deneb.odessa.ua

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