EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 380, Number 2, December III 2001
Page(s) 673 - 683
Section Diffuse matter in space
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011471


A&A 380, 673-683 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011471

HI observations of the high-velocity cloud in the direction of M 92

J. V. Smoker1, R. S. Roger2, F. P. Keenan1, R. D. Davies3, R. H. Lang4 and B. Bates1

1  Astrophysics and Planetary Science Division, Department of Pure and Applied Physics, The Queen's University of Belfast, University Road, Belfast, BT7 1NN, UK
2  National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Penticton, B.C. V2A 6K3, Canada
3  The University of Manchester, Jodrell Bank Observatory, Lower Withington, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK11 9DL, UK
4  Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wales, Cardiff, 5, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3YB, UK

(Received 22 May 2001 / Accepted 16 October 2001 )

Abstract
We present wide-field neutral hydrogen (H I) Lovell telescope multibeam, and Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory H I synthesis observations, of the high velocity cloud (HVC) located in the general direction of the globular cluster M 92. This cloud is part of the larger Complex C and lies at velocities between ~-80 and -130 km s-1 in the Local Standard of Rest. The Lovell telescope observations, of resolution 12 arcmin spatially and 3.0 km s-1 in velocity, fully sampling a 3.1 $^{\circ} \times$12.6$^{\circ}$ RA-Dec grid, have found that this part of HVC Complex C comprises two main condensations, lying approximately north-south in declination, separated by ~2$^{\circ}$ and being parallel to the Galactic plane. At this resolution, peak values of the brightness temperature and H I column density of ~1.4 K and ~5$\times$1019 cm-2 are determined, with relatively high values of the full width half maximum velocity (FWHM) of ~22 km s-1 being observed, equivalent to a gas kinetic temperature, in the absence of turbulence and geometric effects of ~10 000 K. Each of these properties, as well as the sizes of the clouds, are similar in the two components. The DRAO observations, towards the Northern HVC condensation, are the first high-resolution H I spectra of Complex C. When smoothed to a resolution of 3 arcmin, they identify several H I intensity peaks with column densities in the range 4-7$\times$1019 cm-2. Further smoothing of these data to 6 arcmin resolution tentatively indicates that parts of the HVC consist of two velocity components, of similar brightness temperature, separated by ~7 km s-1 in velocity, and with FWHM velocity widths of ~5-7km s-1. No IRAS 60 or 100 micron flux is associated with the M 92 HVC. Cloud properties are briefly discussed and compared to previous observations of HVCs.


Key words: ISM: clouds -- ISM: individual objects: M 92 HVC -- radio lines: ISM

Offprint request: J.smoker, j.smoker@qub.ac.uk

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