EDP Sciences
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Volume 378, Number 1, October IV 2001
Page(s) 30 - 39
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011147

A&A 378, 30-39 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011147

Galaxy identifications in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey

H.-U. Zimmermann, Th. Boller, S. Döbereiner and W. Pietsch

Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85471 Garching, Germany

(Received 5 February 2001 / Accepted 3 August 2001)

In a correlation study of the ROSAT All-Sky Survey Bright Source Catalogue (RASS-BSC) with the Catalogue of Principal Galaxies (PGC) 904 X-ray sources were found that possess possible extragalactic counterparts within a search radius of 100 arcsec. A visual screening process was applied to classify the reliability of the correlations. 547 correlations have been quoted as reliable identifications. From these, 349 sources are known as active galaxies. Although for the other sources no hints for activity were found in the literature, 69% of those for which we have distances show X-ray luminosities exceeding those of normal galaxies, a clear sign that these galaxies also own hitherto unreported X-ray active components. Some objects are located inside or in the direction of a known group or cluster of galaxies. Their X-ray flux may therefore be in part affected by hot gas emission. Luminosity and $\log N{-}\log S$ distributions are used to characterize different subsamples. Nuclei that are both optically and X-ray active are found predominantly in spirals. Two special source samples are defined, one with candidates for X-ray emission from hitherto unknown groups or clusters of galaxies, and one with high X-ray luminosity sources, that are likely candidates to possess hitherto unreported active galactic nuclei. Besides a compilation of X-ray and optical parameters, also X-ray overlays on optical images for all the objects are supplied as part of this work.

Key words: surveys -- X-rays -- galaxies: general

Offprint request: H.-U. Zimmermann, zim@mpe.mpg.de

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