EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 377, Number 2, October II 2001
Page(s) L14 - L17
Section Letters
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011160
Published online 15 October 2001

A&A 377, L14-L17 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011160

Are granules good tracers of solar surface velocity fields?

M. Rieutord1, 2, T. Roudier3, H.-G. Ludwig4, 5, Å. Nordlund6 and R. Stein7

1  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 14 avenue É. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
2  Institut Universitaire de France
3  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 57 avenue d'Azereix, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes Cedex, France
4  Lund Observatory, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden
5  C.R.A.L, École Normale Supérieure, 46 allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, France
6  Theoretical Astrophysics Center and Astronomical Observatory/NBIfAFG, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
7  Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA

(Received 3 July 2001 / Accepted 17 August 2001)

Using a numerical simulation of compressible convection with radiative transfer mimicking the solar photosphere, we compare the velocity field derived from granule motions to the actual velocity field of the plasma. We thus test the idea that granules may be used to trace large-scale velocity fields at the sun's surface. Our results show that this is indeed the case provided the scale separation is sufficient. We thus estimate that neither velocity fields at scales less than 2500 km nor time evolution at scales shorter than 0.5 hr can be faithfully described by granules. At larger scales the granular motions correlate linearly with the underlying fluid motions with a slope of $\lesssim$2 reaching correlation coefficients up to ~0.9.

Key words: convection -- Sun: granulation -- Sun: photosphere

Offprint request: M. Rieutord, rieutord@obs-mip.fr

© ESO 2001

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.