EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 377, Number 2, October II 2001
Page(s) L14 - L17
Section Letters
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011160


A&A 377, L14-L17 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011160

Are granules good tracers of solar surface velocity fields?

M. Rieutord1, 2, T. Roudier3, H.-G. Ludwig4, 5, Å. Nordlund6 and R. Stein7

1  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 14 avenue É. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
2  Institut Universitaire de France
3  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 57 avenue d'Azereix, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes Cedex, France
4  Lund Observatory, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden
5  C.R.A.L, École Normale Supérieure, 46 allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, France
6  Theoretical Astrophysics Center and Astronomical Observatory/NBIfAFG, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
7  Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA

(Received 3 July 2001 / Accepted 17 August 2001)

Abstract
Using a numerical simulation of compressible convection with radiative transfer mimicking the solar photosphere, we compare the velocity field derived from granule motions to the actual velocity field of the plasma. We thus test the idea that granules may be used to trace large-scale velocity fields at the sun's surface. Our results show that this is indeed the case provided the scale separation is sufficient. We thus estimate that neither velocity fields at scales less than 2500 km nor time evolution at scales shorter than 0.5 hr can be faithfully described by granules. At larger scales the granular motions correlate linearly with the underlying fluid motions with a slope of $\lesssim$2 reaching correlation coefficients up to ~0.9.


Key words: convection -- Sun: granulation -- Sun: photosphere

Offprint request: M. Rieutord, rieutord@obs-mip.fr




© ESO 2001

What is OpenURL?

The OpenURL standard is a protocol for transmission of metadata describing the resource that you wish to access.

An OpenURL link contains article metadata and directs it to the OpenURL server of your choice. The OpenURL server can provide access to the resource and also offer complementary services (specific search engine, export of references...). The OpenURL link can be generated by different means.

  • If your librarian has set up your subscription with an OpenURL resolver, OpenURL links appear automatically on the abstract pages.
  • You can define your own OpenURL resolver with your EDPS Account.
    In this case your choice will be given priority over that of your library.
  • You can use an add-on for your browser (Firefox or I.E.) to display OpenURL links on a page (see http://www.openly.com/openurlref/). You should disable this module if you wish to use the OpenURL server that you or your library have defined.