EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 377, Number 2, October II 2001
Page(s) 617 - 630
Section Formation and evolution of planetary systems
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010994

A&A 377, 617-630 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010994

4 $\mathsf{\mu}$m spectra of AGB stars I. Observations

T. Lebzelter1, K. H. Hinkle2 and B. Aringer1

1  Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
2  Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (Operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.) , 950 N.Cherry avenue, PO Box 26732, Tucson, Arizona 85726, USA

(Received 27 February 2001 / Accepted 6 July 2001 )

We present times series of high resolution spectra of AGB variables at 4 $\mu$m. Line profiles from the major contributors to the spectra of oxygen-rich stars at 4 $\mu$m, OH, H2O, HCl and SiO, are examined. The velocity as well as shape variations of these profiles with time are discussed. The line profiles investigated frequently have emission and multiple absorption components. The changes with time of the 4 $\mu$m region lines do not always follow the cyclic variability seen in NIR spectra and in the photometric light curve. We interpret and discuss the results qualitatively considering comparing the spectral variability with that of the well behaved 1.6 $\mu$m region and of dynamical model atmospheres. Miras and semiregular variables are compared. The origins of non-periodic behavior are discussed, including the role of spatial inhomogeneities in the stellar atmosphere.

Key words: stars: variables: general -- stars: late-type -- stars: AGB and post-AGB -- stars: atmospheres

Offprint request: T. Lebzelter, lebzelter@astro.univie.ac.at

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