EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 376, Number 1, September II 2001
Page(s) 271 - 287
Section Diffuse matter in space
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010963
Published online 15 September 2001

A&A 376, 271-287 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010963

Star formation in the bright rimmed globule IC 1396N

C. Codella1, R. Bachiller2, B. Nisini3, P. Saraceno1 and L. Testi4

1  Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, CNR, Area di Ricerca Tor Vergata, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
2  Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (IGN), Apartado 1143, 28800 Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain
3  Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via di Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio, Italy
4  Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy

(Received 13 February 2001 / Accepted 2 July 2001 )

We report mm-wave multiline and continuum observations of IC 1396N, a conspicuous bright, rimmed globule excited by the O6.5 star HD 206267 in the Cep OB2 association. Single-dish high resolution observations in CO and CS lines reveal the cometary structure of the globule with unprecedented detail. The globule head contains a dense core of 0.2 pc, whereas the tail, pointing away from the exciting star, has a total length of 0.8 pc. Two high velocity bipolar outflows have been identified in the CO maps: the first one is located around the position of a strong IRAS source in the head of the globule, and the second one, which was previously unknown, is located in the northern region. The outflows emerge from high density clumps which exhibit strong line emission of CS, HCO+, and DCO+. Within these clumps, the sources driving the outflows have been identified thanks to mm-wave continuum observations. The globule head harbors two YSOs separated by about 104 AU. SiO line observations of the central outflow unveals a highly collimated structure with four clumps of sizes ${\le}0.1$ pc, which are located along the outflow axis and suggest episodic events in the mass loss process from the central star. Kinetic temperatures of ${\sim} 50{-}100$ K and hydrogen densities of fews 106 cm-3 have been estimated in the shocked regions traced by the strong SiO emission. The jet is also exposed to view by the means of interferometric HCO+ observations that confirms that it is very narrow (${\le}0.02$ pc wide). The detection of blue- and redshifted CO emission along the globule rim suggests that IC 1396N is in a transient phase, undergoing one of the expansions or compressions predicted by theoretical models describing the evolution of cometary globules. Moreover, the CO data, together with near IR observations reported elsewhere, indicate that the star forming process is occurring also in the northern part of IC 1396N, at 0.5 pc from the central CS peak. The present observations provide evidence that several star-forming sites can develop even in a moderately massive globule like IC 1396N.

Key words: ISM: clouds -- ISM: individual objects: IC 1396N -- ISM: jets and outflows -- ISM: molecules -- radio lines: ISM

Offprint request: C. Codella, codella@ifsi.rm.cnr.it

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© ESO 2001

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